The transpose of a matrix is a new matrix whose rows are columns of an original matrix. In this tutorial, you will learn through an example to implement transpose of a matrix using the PHP program. Here is an example of the transpose of a matrix:

## Original Matrix – Transpose of a Matrix

1 2 3 1 4 7 4 5 6 2 5 8 7 8 9 3 6 9

## PHP Program to Implement The Transpose of a Matrix

<html> <body> <?php echo "<b>The matrix is given below:-</b>"."<br>"; $a=array(array());//declaring the array $rows=4; //number of rows $cols=4; //number of columns $m=1; for($i=0;$i<$rows;$i=$i+1) { for($j=0;$j<$cols;$j=$j+1) { $a[$i][$j]=$m; echo $a[$i][$j]." "; $m=$m+1; } echo "<br>"; } echo "<b>The transpose of a matrix is given below:-</b>"."<br>"; for($i=0;$i<$rows;$i=$i+1) { for($j=0;$j<$cols;$j=$j+1) { $a[$i][$j]=$a[$j][$i]; //assigning the values of elements of each column to each row echo $a[$i][$j]." "; } echo "<br>"; //here this is creating a new line } ?> </body> </html>

### Output:

**The matrix is given below:-**

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8

9 10 11 12

13 14 15 16

**The transpose of a matrix is given below:-**

1 5 9 13

5 6 10 14

9 10 11 15

13 14 15 16

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